Adolph Gottlieb (b. 1903, New York; d. 1974, New York) is known as one of the forerunners of the Abstract Expressionist movement. Influenced by Surrealism, alongside the theories of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung, Gottlieb developed an approach to painting that drew from the techniques of automatic drawing. He incorporated mythological references and symbolism into his works, and simplified his paintings into two or three elements against color fields. By the 1960s, he began work on his Burst series, which used the recurring motif of a sun-like orb, hovering above calligraphic marks. Gottlieb noted that “To my mind certain so-called abstraction is not abstraction at all. On the contrary, it is the realism of our time.” After his death, he Adolph and Esther Gottlieb Foundation was formed in 1976, offering grants to visual artists. Today, his works are held in the collections of The Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Tate Gallery in London, the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis, and the Reina Sofia National Museum in Madrid, among others.